|Category||Bladder Outlet Obstruction (BOO)|
|Keywords||Obstruction voiding dysfunction detrusor|
|Target Audience||Urologists and Gynecologists, urodynamic technicians|
|Aims and Objectives|
Female outlet resistance and detrusor contractility are the mainstays of dysfunctional voiding. This problem is increasing in women after the new anti-incontinence surgeries.
Evaluation of these parameters has been extensively studied and used in men. Female anatomy poses different problems of evaluation. Using the same methodology, however, most of women can be classified by their urethral resistance and/or detrusor function.
We present the clinical grounds of female voiding dysfunction and the basics of pressure/flow curves physics. The pros and cons of existing female nomograms are discussed and some data-supported methods are proposed.