Study design, materials and methods
The family caregivers ,majority females ,were hesitant to participate in the study This can be attributed due to socio cultural factors and attitudes such as “its improper to discuss about continence care of their close family members”, which is sensitive and personal issue to the care receiver.A highly protective behaviour of the family caregivers towards their care reciever and vice versa was observed in the recruitment stage of participants for our study. Family caregivers were willing to participate but preferred to fillup the questionnaires only when elderly patients who they take care are sleeping or taking rest so as to avoid any misunderstandings.They were worried whether any other family members will oppose to their participation in the study. The cultural thoughts about role change, economical status, relationships, emotions, sleep deprivation that occurs as a result of caregiving are family matters and it should not be revealed to a third person acted as a barrier for the family caregiver to participate in the study.
Interpretation of results
This case study helped us to understand the different ethical issues that can arise when the research subjects are elderly and suffer from various types of urinary incontinence.Elderly patients are also vulnerable to biological, psychic and socio-cultural contributions of the environment in which they live. The preservation of privacy and dignity during recruitment of research subjects is an essential feature of the research process. Clear and concise informed consent enabled them to reflect and decide regarding their participation in the study with mutual trust and cordial relationship being maintained with the family members Researchers has to be sensitive to the collectivistic culture existing in the community settings when family caregivers are being assessed.