Lower urinary tract and anorectal diseases often are caused by neurological disorders. One solution is restoration via the pathways of the nervous system by electrical stimulation. New research suggests that more superficial techniques can be applied. This workshops provide the basic foundation for electrical stimulation. Latest minimal invasive techniques are presented.
The aim is to provide insight in basic and clinical electrophysiological mechanisms of electrical stimulation. Moreover to understand the basics of neuroplasticity and to realise that electrical stimulation can be applied in various forms; to have knowledge about different types of stimulation in clinical practice and be able to appreciate the efficacy.