Quality of life and prevention of bacteriuria with transanal irrigation in multiple sclerosis: short-term results of a single cohort study

Iacovelli V1, Petta F1, Filippone R2, Andrea D3, Pletto S2, Finazzi Agrò E1

Research Type

Clinical

Abstract Category

Anorectal / Bowel Dysfunction

Abstract 412
Open Discussion ePosters
Scientific Open Discussion ePoster Session 21
Thursday 30th August 2018
13:50 - 13:55 (ePoster Station 10)
Exhibition Hall
Multiple Sclerosis Bowel Evacuation Dysfunction Infection, Urinary Tract Quality of Life (QoL)
1. University of Rome Tor Vergata, Department of Experimental Medicine and Surgery, Urology Unit, Rome, Italy, 2. Urology Residency Program, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy, 3. Neuro-urology Unit, Fondazione Santa Lucia, Rome, Italy
Presenter
V

Valerio Iacovelli

Links

Poster

Abstract

Hypothesis / aims of study
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a common disabling neurological disease in young adults. Most patients experience bowel and bladder dysfunction, reporting a wide spectrum of symptoms that significantly impact social activities and psyco-emotional state. Transanal irrigation (TAI) is a method of managing such symptoms by introducing water via the anus, and the method has been demonstrated to improve quality of life (QoL) (1), to be more feasible compared with previous methods (1) and to be well tolerated by the patients(2). Our aim was to investigate efficacy of TAI in the prevention of bacteriuria/urinary tract infections (UTIs) and its role in improving quality of life in a single cohort of MS patients.
Study design, materials and methods
MS patients with bowel and urinary dysfunctions were selected. All the patients underwent colonoscopy to rule out gastrointestinal comorbidities contraindicating the use of TAI. All patients were trained to use TAI in a standardized manner by the same clinical nurse specialist. TAI was performed daily at the beginning, and adjustments to the regime of irrigation were made by the trainer and patient according to a standardized protocol already published (3). We investigated the QoL and the incidence of bacteriuria. The QoL was evaluated by the physical (PCS) and mental component (MCS) scales of the SF-36 questionnaire at baseline and 3-months follow-up. Urine culture was obtained at 1- and 3-months follow-up.
Results
Nine consecutive MS patients (5 females, 4 males; mean age 50 years, range 30-60) were enrolled between April and September 2017. Six patients were on clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) regular treatment. All the patients were followed over 3 months, at the end of the follow-up there was a 100% rate of continuation of TAI. Evaluation by the SF-36 questionnaire showed a significant improvement either in the SF-36 mental component (MC) from 46 (35-55) at baseline to 55 (45-60) (p <0.01) and in the SF-36 physical component (PC) from 44 (31–50) at baseline to 53 (43-59) (p <0.01). Urine culture at 1-month follow-up was positive (>105 CFU/ml) in 7 patients, sustained by E. Coli, K. Pneumoniae and E. Faecalis (respectively in 3, 2 and 1 cases). At 3-months follow up, urine culture was positive in one patient (p< 0,01).
Interpretation of results
Our study investigated the outcome of TAI in a small sample of 9 MS patients analyzing short-term follow up data on bacteriuria and QoL either in its physical and mental component. Therefore, short-term results led us to consider TAI a valid instrument that improved QoL and bacteriuria incidence in the majority of patients.
Concluding message
The short-term data on bacteriuria episodes and QoL suggest that TAI is an effective preventing option for MS patients. Long term results will be collected and a larger cohort of patients is needed to better clarify the role of TAI in preventing urological infections and improving QoL in MS patients.
References
  1. Del Popolo G, Mosiello G, Pilati C, et al. Treatment of neurogenic bowel dysfunction using transanal irrigation: a multicenter Italian study. Spinal Cord. 2008 Jul; 46(7):517-22.
  2. Faaborg PM, Christensen P, Kvitsau B, et al. Long-term outcome and safety of transanal colonic irrigation for neurogenic bowel dysfunction. Spinal Cord. 2009 Jul; 47(7):545-9.
  3. Emmanuel AV, Krog HK, Bazzocchi G, et al. Members of working group on Trans Anal Irrigation from UK, Denmark, Italy, Germany, France and Netherlands. Consensus review of best practice of transanal irrigation in adults. Spinal Cord 2013; 51: 732–8.
Disclosures
<span class="text-strong">Funding</span> None <span class="text-strong">Clinical Trial</span> No <span class="text-strong">Subjects</span> Human <span class="text-strong">Ethics not Req'd</span> No experimental protocol applied. Standard clinical practice. <span class="text-strong">Helsinki</span> Yes <span class="text-strong">Informed Consent</span> Yes