Comparison between uroflowmetry and international prostate symptoms score in males with lower urinary tract symptoms

Rubilotta E1, Balzarro M1, Righetti R2, Trabacchin N1, Bassi S1, Processali T1, Pirozzi M1, Curti P2, Cerruto M A1, D'Amico A1, Artibani W1

Research Type


Abstract Category

Male Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) / Voiding Dysfunction

Abstract 99
Open Discussion ePosters
Scientific Open Discussion ePoster Session 7
Wednesday 29th August 2018
12:10 - 12:15 (ePoster Station 4)
Exhibition Hall
Questionnaire Male Voiding Dysfunction Prospective Study
1. Dept. of Urology, AOUI Verona, Italy, 2. Dept. of Urology, Ospedale Mater Salutis, ULSS 9 Scaligera, Legnago, Italy

Emanuele Rubilotta




Hypothesis / aims of study
International Prostate Symptoms Score (IPSS) is a very common questionnaire used for the office evaluation of the lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Uroflowmetry (UF) is a very useful urodynamic tool to assess patient’s micturition. The use of both IPSS questionnaire and UF is the main part of the first clinical assessment in males reporting LUTS. Aim of the study was to assess the concordance between IPSS questionnaire and UF outcomes in males with LUTS.
Study design, materials and methods
This is an observational, prospective multicenter study involving two Urological Departments from September 2016 to December 2017. All males who performed UF for LUTS were enrolled. The following data were recorded: demographic characteristics, urological history, IPSS, and Liverpool nomograms. The UF and IPSS parameters were correlated as following: (i) peak-flow (Qmax) at the UF and IPSS total score; (ii) Qmax threshold 10 mL/s and IPSS total score; (iii) Qmax and IPSS stratified in three classes of LUTS severity: 0-7 moderate urinary symptoms, 8-19 fair urinary symptoms, 20-35 severe urinary symptoms; (iiii) Qmax and each IPSS domain; (iiiii) Total IPSS score and each IPSS domain compared to Qmax stratified < 5mL/s, Qmax 6-7 mL/s, Qmax 8-10mL/s, Qmax 11-12mL/s, Qmax 13-15mL/s, Qmax >15 mL/s; (iiiiii) Liverpool nomograms and IPSS. For the statistical analysis we used Mann-Whitney test, Kruskal-Wallis test, and Bravais-Pearson correlation test.
Data were collected on 461 UF and 442 IPSS questionnaires. The mean age of the patients was 70.95  years (+/- 8.06). The strength of statistical correlation (Bravais-Pearson’s r) between Qmax to IPSS total score and each IPSS domain were generally weak. In IPSS total score, in higher classes of LUTS severity, and in IPSS domain regarding intermittency and weak stream was found slightly higher correlation strength (table 1-2). Tables 3-4 report the correlation between Qmax and IPSS stratified for LUTS severity, and between Qmax threshold of 10mL/s and IPSS total score. These findings showed that median IPSS total score was associated to population with Qmax higher than 10 mL/s (p<0,001). Moreover, the decrease of IPSS total score corresponded to Qmax increase. Stratifying Qmax, we found that mean IPSS total score and mean IPSS score in the domains of weak stream and quality of life decreased with Qmax increasing (table 5). No significant association was found between Liverpool nomograms and IPSS. Moreover, there was only a very little difference in mean IPSS scores between normal and not normal UF at Liverpool nomograms analysis (Table 6).
Interpretation of results
Our data showed only a weak inverse correlation between Qmax and IPSS questionnaire. However, due to the increase of Qmax and the consequent decrease of IPSS, higher severity classes of LUTS at IPSS were associated to lower Qmax. Therefore, Qmax seems well correlated to severity of LUTS with an inversely related association. The IPSS domain of weak stream was the more correlated to Qmax. Liverpool nomograms did not correlate to IPSS questionnaire and therefore this UF analysis was poor consistent with LUTS.
Concluding message
We found that patients with more severe urinary symptoms at IPSS questionnaire showed also lower Qmax at UF. Therefore, LUTS reported at IPSS questionnaire seems concordant respect to the findings of UF. UF and IPSS appear accordant and reliable parameters in the evaluation of patients with LUTS and voiding dysfunction. The UF analysis with Liverpool nomograms was poor concordant with LUTS.
Figure 1
Figure 2
Funding None Clinical Trial No Subjects Human Ethics Committee Internal Ethics Committee Department of Urology AOUI Verona Helsinki Yes Informed Consent Yes