Sexual status in women with pelvic floor disorders

CHAN S1, CHEUNG R1, WAN O1, LEE L1

Research Type

Clinical

Abstract Category

Quality of Life / Patient and Caregiver Experiences

Abstract 107
E-Poster 1
Scientific Open Discussion ePoster Session 7
Wednesday 4th September 2019
13:25 - 13:30 (ePoster Station 4)
Exhibition Hall
Retrospective Study Questionnaire Pelvic Organ Prolapse Incontinence Anal Incontinence
1.The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Presenter
S

Symphorosa Shing Chee Chan

Links

Poster

Abstract

Hypothesis / aims of study
Pelvic floor disorders (PFD) may affect the sexual function of women. The study aims at evaluating the sexual activity status of women who presented for pelvic floor disorders.
Study design, materials and methods
This is retrospective analysis of a prospective study, namely Chinese validation of Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI) and Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire (PFIQ). All Chinese women presented to the Urogynaecology clinic for PFD were recruited. Written consent was obtained. Demographic data including their sexual activity status, being sexually active or inactive, and co-morbidity of diabetes mellitus and hypertension, were collected. They filled in the Chinese PFDI and PFIQ to determine their symptoms and bothersome of PFD. Gynaecological examination was performed and stage of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) was assessed by pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP-Q). Ethics approval was obtained.
Results
In all, 597 women were recruited; 529 (88.6%) provided the information on sexual status. The mean age of these women was 54.5±11.1 years (range 23-87 years) and parity was 2.6±1.4. Among them, 292 (55.2%) had urinary incontinence or other urinary symptoms only, 167 (31.6%) had both urinary incontinence and POP, 56 (10.6%) had POP only, followed by 12 (2.3%) had urinary and fecal incontinence and 2 (0.3%) had urinary and fecal incontinence and POP. The characteristics of the women were listed in table 1. 
Table 2 showed the factors associated with the sexual status of women. Higher age, being menopause, hypertension, symptoms of POP and more advanced stage of POP were factors predicting women who were sexually inactive.  Urinary incontinence and coital incontinence did not predict women being sexually inactive. PFDI scores and having diabetes mellitus were not associated with the sexual status. However, after multivariate analysis, only higher age was an independent factors for women being sexually inactive (OR 0.9, 95% CI 0.87-0.93, P<0.005), while women who had a higher parity was an independent factor for being sexually active (OR 1.3, 95% CI 1.04-1.62, P=0.02).
Interpretation of results
Although higher age, symptoms of POP, more advanced stage of POP, menopausal status and co-morbidity of hypertension were associated with sexually inactivity of women, only higher age was an independent factor (OR 0.9). Having coital incontinence did not affect women being sexually inactive. PFDI scores were not associated with sexual activity of women.
Concluding message
Symptoms of pelvic floor disorders, stage of POP, PFDI scores were not independent factors for sexual status of women. Higher age is an independent factor for women being sexually inactive (OR 0.9)
Figure 1 Table 1. The characteristics and symptoms of women with pelvic floor disorders
Figure 2 Table 2. Factors predicting the women being sexually active
Disclosures
Funding None Clinical Trial No Subjects Human Ethics Committee Joint Chinese University of Hong Kong - New Territories East Cluster Clinical Research Ethics Committee Helsinki Yes Informed Consent Yes