Favorable pain control and intravesical findings after long-term dietary manipulation for female Hunner type interstitial cystitis patients

Oh-oka H1

Research Type

Clinical

Abstract Category

Female Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) / Voiding Dysfunction

Abstract 195
Urogynaecology 3 - Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
Scientific Podium Short Oral Session 9
Wednesday 4th September 2019
15:00 - 15:07
Hall H2
Painful Bladder Syndrome/Interstitial Cystitis (IC) Conservative Treatment Pain, Pelvic/Perineal Quality of Life (QoL)
1.Kobe Medical Center
Presenter
H

Hitoshi Oh-oka

Links

Abstract

Hypothesis / aims of study
Painful bladder syndrome/Interstitial cystitis (PBS/IC) is a clinical syndrome characterized by urinary frequency, increased micturition frequency, urinary urgency, and bladder and pelvic pain. The causes of PBS/IC are not fully understood, and the condition is often difficult to treat. There are no established diagnostic criteria for PBS/IC, and this has hampered the understanding of the underlying mechanisms and the development of diagnostic and treatment methods. The treatment options for PBS/IC include conservative therapy, internal medication (pain management), intravesical instillation, and electrical stimulation therapy. Bladder hydrodistention and resection or coagulation of Hunner lesions should be considered after treatment failure of multimodal conservative treatments. However, there is currently no established treatment for PBS/IC. Given the situation, complementary and alternative medicine therapies such as behavioral therapy, physical therapy, stress reduction, and dietary manipulation (DM) can be potential treatment options. This study investigated the effectiveness of intensive systematic DM (ISDM) in women with stable PBS/IC. DM might be effective for more than 2 years for Hunner type PBS/IC cases [1,2]. Therefore, after initial treatment (bladder hydrodistension, transurethral resection of Hunner lesions), the effect of DM for pain relieving, changes in intravesical findings, etc. after 2 years are examined.
Study design, materials and methods
The study included 40 female patients (age 27-88 years; 63.3 ± 2.1 [mean ± standard error]) with PBS/IC in stable condition (duration of disease: 2.9-10.0 years; 6.3 ± 0.3). We developed an original PBS/IC diet (1,500 kcal, 65 g protein, 40 g fat, 220 g carbohydrate, 1,000 ml water, 7 g salt) and randomly assigned 30 patients to group A with instructions to follow this diet for 2 years, and 10 patients to group B without instructions. We prospectively studied changes in the O’Leary-Sant Symptom Index and Problem Index (OSSI/OSPI), urinary urgency visual analog scale (VAS) score (U: 0, no urgency; 9, severe urgency), bladder/pelvic pain VAS score (P: 0, no pain; 9, worst possible pain), quality of life (QOL: 0, very satisfied; 6, very unsatisfied), and intravesical findings from before the start of treatment to 2 years after treatment.
Results
In group A, significant improvement was observed in all evaluation items including pain from 3 months after the initiation of treatment, and the effect was observed even after 2 years (both p <0.0001. pain VAS: 6.2 → 3.2). On the other hand, in group B, no significant improvement was observed 3 months and 1 year after the initiation of treatment, and an exacerbation tendency was also observed 2 years later. In 33 cases where treatment was effective (Group A: ESSIC classification type 3C; 15/15 [100%], type 2 C; 12/15 [80.0%], Group B: ESSIC classification type 3 C; 3/4 [75.0%], type 2 C; 3/6 [50.0%]). Group A type 3 C: the ulcer was healed, and the glomerulation (MBAD [Mucosal Bleeding after Hydrodistension]) was also reduced to about 1/3 to 1/2 in 15 cases. Group A type 2 C: the reduction of the MBAD was observed in 12 cases. In group B, 3 cases of type 3C, 3 cases of type 2C, improvement findings of ulcer and MBAD area were insufficient compared with group A. No significant adverse events related to ISDM and NIDM were observed during the study period of 2 year.
Interpretation of results
Intensive systemic DM (ISDM) relieves various PBS/IC symptoms, including pain, for over than 2 years and improves quality of life. The effect was judged to be due to the improvement of the intravesical environments.
Concluding message
We believe that ISDM is a good additional treatment option for patients with PBS/IC who are not sufficiently responsive to various treatments. ISDM might not be accompanied by serious adverse events, and can be started without changing the previous treatments, including medications, as it had fewer interactions with drugs. We plan to continue the abovementioned ISDM for those who wish to undergo the program, especially as almost all patients with PBS/IC said that they were satisfied with ISDM and that their activity and quality of daily living have improved.
Figure 1 Cystoscopic findings after 2 year DM
References
  1. O'Hare PG 3rd1, Hoffmann AR, Allen P, et al. Interstitial cystitis patients' use and rating of complementary and alternative medicine therapies. Int Urogynecol J. 2013 Jun;24(6):977-82.
  2. Oh-Oka H. Clinical Efficacy of 1-Year Intensive Systematic Dietary Manipulation as Complementary and Alternative Medicine Therapies on Female Patients With Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome. Urology. 2017 Aug;106:50-54.
Disclosures
<span class="text-strong">Funding</span> none <span class="text-strong">Clinical Trial</span> Yes <span class="text-strong">Public Registry</span> No <span class="text-strong">RCT</span> No <span class="text-strong">Subjects</span> Human <span class="text-strong">Ethics Committee</span> the ethics committee of Kobe Medical Center <span class="text-strong">Helsinki</span> Yes <span class="text-strong">Informed Consent</span> Yes