Hypothesis / aims of study
To manage the voiding dysfunction, getting the exact data about patient’s voiding pattern is very important, though it is very cumbersome. We invented a wearable device which can measure the voiding time and number by checking a habitual series of characteristic motion of men. This study was performed by collecting and analyzing the urination time and interval data sensed through smart bands worn to resolve the clinical issues caused by using voiding charts. By developing a smart band-based algorithm for recognizing urination time and interval, this study aimed to explore the feasibility of urination management systems.
Study design, materials and methods
We designed a device that could recognize urination time and interval based on patient’s specific posture and consistent changes in posture. These motion data were obtained by smart band on the wrist. An algorithm that recognizes the 3 stages of urination (forward movement, urination, backward movement) was devised based on the movement and tilt angle data collected from 3-axis accelerometer. The sequential body movement on voiding is temporal but consistent characteristics, so we analyze HMM (Hidden Markov Model)-based sequential data and provide a way to recognize urination time. Real-time data were acquired from the smart band, and for data corresponding to a certain duration, the value of the signals was calculated and then compared with the set analysis model to calculate the time of urination. Comparison study between real voiding and device detected voiding for assessing the performance of the recognition technology proposed was performed
Interpretation of results
This results shows that this device could be adopted as a possible method to help making the voiding diary with ease