Comparision Of Secondary Surgical Approaches For Recurrent Urinary Incontinence After Transobturator Tape Sling

TOPCUOGLU M1, KOMESLI G2

Research Type

Clinical

Abstract Category

Female Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI)

Abstract 826
Non Discussion Abstract
Scientific Non Discussion Abstract Session 37
Stress Urinary Incontinence Surgery Clinical Trial
1.ALANYA ALAADDIN KEYKUBAT UNIVERSITY EDUCATION AND RESEARCH HOSPITAL, 2.IZMIR KATIP CELEBI UNIVERSITY ATATURK EDUCATION AND RESEARCH HOSPITAL
Links

Abstract

Hypothesis / aims of study
Transobturator tape (TOT), is a worldwide used tecnique for stress urinary incontinence with high cure rates. 5% to 20% surgical failure after procedures were reported. Next step for patients in whom the TOT procedure has failed remains unclear. Traditional treatment  alternatives  of  recurrent incontinence after failure of TOT procedure includes colposuspansion, repeated sling surgery, injection of peri-urethral bulking agents, and artificial urinary sphincter. We compared the success rates of tape shorthening method  and repeating of new sling material  after failure of  TOT.  We evaluated the changes in continence status and satisfaction of patients who underwent tape shortening and repeating of sling material after failure of TOT procedure.
Study design, materials and methods
Nineteen patients were involved to our study after failure of TOT. Tape shortening (TS) was performed for 9 patients and repeating sling material (RT) for 10 patients. Evaluation before the procedures included detailed history ,physical examination, stress test, Q-type test, urinalysis, urine culture, ultrasonography and uroflowmetry. Maximum flow rate (Qmax), and postvoid residual (PVR) volume were checked. 
Shortening of the tape and repeat TOT procedures were both performed under spinal anesthesia. The TOT procedure was performed as described by Delorme  technique.  Tape shorthening was performed via  sagittal incision in the anterior vaginal wall, starting 1 cm below the external urethral meatus. A bilateral dissection was performed. The tape was identified and  the tape was held by 2 forceps simetrically  from the center of sling. Then using 1-0 Prolene, a figure-eight suture was done. We  closed  the vaginal incisions with 2-0 Vicryl.Evaluation of objective  and subjective success rates of procedures were evaluated at the first year of surgery with stress test and Q-type test. Subjective outcome was evaluated using the validated condition-specific questionnaire: UISS (Urinary Incontinence Severity Score).  Patient satisfaction was evaluated by one question from the questionnaire Are you satisfied with the operation or not?’’  Pain status after operations were assessed by utilizing average visual analogue Scale (VAS) (1-10)
Results
The mean patient age was 56.6 (range  48 to 70) .The mean period of second procedures was 5.2 months (range, 3-11 months) after the first procedure. No serious  complications  were observed during the tape shortening and repeating sling procedures .One year after TOT shortening, complete dry rate was %44.5,(4 patients)  and 2 patients showed improvement, and 3 patient reported failure according to patient self reports . 7 patients have reported complete dryness (%70) and 1 patient showed improvement  and 2 patients reported failure in RT  group.  According to objective evalauation of success rates,we examined no leakage for 5 patients in stress test for group TS and 8 patients for group RT. Eight patients were satisfied in RT group (%80) and five in TS group (%55) according to questionnaire form. One year after tape shortening, de novo urgency and voiding difficulty were observed in 2 patients for each of groups. Mean Q max values were 20.5  for group TS and 22.3  for group RT before procedures and 18.2 for TS and 20.6  for group RT after operations. Changes for mean Q max levels was not statistically  significant different for both groups.
Interpretation of results
Repeating of sling material is the most common technique after failure of TOT surgery. Shortening of the previously implanted tape and a repeated TOT procedure both  are safe, effective, viable options after initial TOT failure.Tape shortening for patients with recurrent stress urinary incontinence is relatively easy to perform. But success rates for tape shorthening procedure seems lower than repeating of TOT procedure.
Concluding message
Repeating  of TOT  seems  more successful procedure  compared to tape shortening after initial TOT failure. However, further studies with large number of cases are needed for to decide surgical approach after failure of first operation.
Disclosures
Funding None current disclosure Clinical Trial No Subjects Human Ethics Committee local committee of Eskisehir Military Hospital Helsinki Yes Informed Consent Yes