Hypothesis / aims of study
Lower urinary tract symptoms, and especially voiding dysfunction are common in patients with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). Clean intermittent self-catheterization (CISC) is the reference treatment of urinary retention in PwMS. Outcome of CISC training depends on parameters related to both the patient and their environment. The patient's ability to perform CISC can be assessed using a variety of tools. Two validated instruments, the FIM (Functional Independence Measure) and the PP-Test (Pencil and Paper Test), have been found to be associated with the success for learning CISC . However, no study has determined the diagnosis performance of these tests. The objective of this study is to determine and compare the performance of these tools to predict the outcome of CISC training in PwMS.
Study design, materials and methods
All PwMS attending a tertiary neurourology department as eligible for CISC were included in this cross-sectional study. During the CISC training session, all patients were assessed by an occupational therapist and a physiatrist. Data recorded during this session included demographic and medical characteristics, as well as FIM and PP-Test scores by a continence nurse and a physiatrist. Success for learning CISC was recorded at the end of the session. Associations between FIM and PP-Test scores and success for learning CISC were assessed in univariate analysis. Diagnosis performances of FIM and PP-Test were estimated by calculating sensitivity, specificity and area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AUC of ROC). AUC of these two tests were compared using a two-sided DeLong's test.
Interpretation of results
Both FIM and PP-Test were associated with outcome after CISC training in eligible PwMS. FIM and PP-test scores were statistically significantly higher, meaning a better functioning, in the patients who succeed at the end of the CISC training session. Cut-off values of 101 and 12 respectively led to the same diagnosis performance measured by AUC.