As seen in Table 1, the mean age of the 63 participants was 82.0 years (SD ±8.7). The cohort was evenly split by sex. All separate care units were provided by a single staff member. Overall 27%, 41% and 48% of patients required assistance to move in bed, sit up in bed and stand from sitting respectively. Some form of equipment to support mobilisation was used by 82% of patients, with less than one quarter being independent.
Over the three nights the average number of care episodes to address bladder function ranged from nil to nine. In total, patients were checked 164 times, containment products were changed 87 times and bedding on 19 occasions. Assistance to toilet was provided 254 times, 64 occasions at the bed or bedside and the remainder in the toilet. Only 9 participants were able to self-toilet during the night although 17 were classified as independent with ambulation. Assistance to pass urine accounted for 36% of care, whereas 20% of care related to incontinence management. Bladder care activity averaged over the 3 nights is detailed in Table 2.
On ANOVA the average sum of care units was not significantly associated with age (F=0.40, p=0.99), ambulation distance (F=0.33, p=0.99), mobility in bed score (F=1.26, p=0.25), ambulation score (F=1.01, p=0.47) or number of continence product changes (F=1.57, p=0.10). Average care units for incontinence was significantly associated with functional mobility in bed (F=5.52, p<0.001) and with ambulation score (F=3.52, p=0.001) but not with age (F=1.31, p=0.26) or ambulation distance (F=0.57, p=0.75). Average care units assisting patients to void during the night was significantly associated with functional mobility in bed score (F=2.14, p=0.02), ambulation score (F=2.04, p=0.03) and number of product changes (F=2.03, p=0.03) but not with age (F=1.25, p=0.27) or ambulation distance (f=0.39, p=0.98).