Prevalence of urinary incontinence among older men in porto alegre – rs

Cerentini T1, Schlöttgen J1, Souza C1, Boggio E1, Dos Santos F1, Teles A2, Da Rosa P1, Da Rosa L1, Lordelo P2

Research Type

Pure and Applied Science / Translational

Abstract Category

Male Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) / Voiding Dysfunction

Abstract 95
Open Discussion ePosters
Scientific Open Discussion Session 7
Thursday 8th September 2022
13:10 - 13:15 (ePoster Station 2)
Exhibition Hall
Incontinence Male Mixed Urinary Incontinence
1. Federal University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre, 2. Bahiana School of Medicine and Publica Health
In-Person
Presenter
A

Alcina Teles

Links

Poster

Abstract

Hypothesis / aims of study
Urinary incontinence (UI) is defined by the International Continence Society (ICS) as “the complaint of any involuntary loss of urine” [1]. Although male IU is underestimated, the prevalence of IU increases with age in both men and women. It is a symptom associated with human and social implications, such as discomfort, shame and loss of self-confidence. In the elderly, IU may be an important factor of institutionalization [2]. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of IU and associated factors among older men living in the community.
Study design, materials and methods
This is an observational cross-sectional study. Were included in the study men aged 65 or older, residents for at least 12 months in the area of the health care center. UI was assessed using International Consultation on Continence Questionnaire - Short Form (ICIQ-SF). The ICIQ-SF is a simple, brief, and self-administered questionnaire, capable of quickly assess the impact of IU in the quality of life and quantify the urine loss of both men and women. Sociodemographic questions were also collected during home visit. The patients signed the informed consent form, and the study was approved by the Ethical Committee.
Results
Sample consisted of 128 older men. IU was identified among 15.4% participants. Of these, 9.6% were classified as very severe UI,19.1% as severe UI, 38% as moderate UI and 33.3% as mild UI. Urgency was the most prevalent type of UI (16.4%). Nocturia was identified in 1.6% of this population. Regarding social aspects, most of the continent and incontinent participants lived with their relatives (46% and 50% respectively), 1.1% of the continent and none of the incontinent lived on their own. Need for care was reported by 85.7% of the incontinent participants and by 69% of the continent ones. When asked about their perception of health, most older men considered as average (50% of the incontinents and 37.9% of the continents). Only 7.1% of incontinents and 2.3% of the continents were bedridden during the previous week.
Interpretation of results
The prevalence of UI among older men living in the community was considered high, showing that male UI, while currently neglected, is common. This corroborates with previous studies in this population. Most incontinent participants reported the need for help with general activities, evidencing the impact UI has in the daily life.
Concluding message
Regardless of gender, UI brings physical and social limitations to the elderly that negatively impact quality of life. These factors highlight the need for health care actions in order to prevent and reduce UI, since UI is one of the mean reasons for the family to institutionalization elderly family members.
References
  1. Abrams P, Cordozo L, Fall M: The standardization of terminology in lower urinary tract function: Report from the standardization sub-committee of the International Continence Society. Urology 2003, 61:37–49.
  2. Molander U. Urinary incontinence a public disease among the elderly-effects both women and men. Lakartidningen. 2001;98:946-9.
Disclosures
Funding None Clinical Trial No Subjects Human Ethics Committee Ethics Committee of the Federal University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre Helsinki Yes Informed Consent Yes
29/11/2022 17:27:31