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ICS Background

Dr Jennifer Kruger
University of Auckland

ICS 2023

Podium Short Oral Session 4 Products and Devices 23 A scoping review of digital technologies for women's pelvic floor muscle training to manage urinary incontinence across the life course.

ICS 2018

Podium Short Oral Session 20 Pelvic Floor Muscle Assessment and Treatment 314 Can you train the pelvic floor muscles by contracting other related muscles?

ICS 2016

Podium Short Oral Session 2 Environmental and Metabolic Factors in Female Pelvic Floor Dysfunction 12 Is it what you do or the way you do it?

Podium Short Oral Session 2 Environmental and Metabolic Factors in Female Pelvic Floor Dysfunction 13 Characterising the muscle/bone interface of the pelvic floor muscle using novel imaging techniques and computational modeling.

Podium Express Session 22 Rapid Communications in Conservative Management 414 Design and development of a novel intra-vaginal pressure sensor array

Open Discussion Session 27 Open Discussion ePosters 538 Beat the Leak: A new device to measure the vaginal pressure profile

ICS 2015

Podium Short Oral Session 15 Obstetrical Pelvic Floor Injury 215 Functional changes of the pelvic floor muscles following vaginal delivery: the effect of ethnicity and avulsion injury.

ICS 2014

Open Discussion Poster Session 8 Anatomy & Biomechanics 72 Biomechanical properties of three different mesh types: Implications for a novel surgical technique, the puborectalis sling.

ICS 2013

Non Discussion Poster Session 34 565 Effects of pregnancy and ethnicity on Levator Ani muscle stiffness.

ICS 2012

Non Discussion Poster Session 31 537 Intra-abdominal pressure increase in women during exercise: A preliminary study.

Non Discussion Poster Session 31 539 Test re-test reliability of a novel wireless intra-vaginal pressure device

ICS 2011

Podium Poster Session 5 Pelvic Floor Function and Surgery 47 Test-Retest of an instrumented elastometer for measuring passive stiffness of the Levator Ani muscle


Podium Poster Session 27 Non-Surgical Prolapse 259 Can we 'feel' with our fingers as well as we can 'see' with ultrasound?

ICS 2009

Podium Poster Session 8 Pelvic Floor 83 Evidence for the Non-Euclidean nature of the plane of minimal dimensions

ICS 2008

Non Discussion Poster Session 19 377 Pelvic floor muscle compliance in elite nulliparous athletes

ICS 2007

Non Discussion Abstract Session 19 Read By Title 435 Comparative study of pelvic floor function in nulliparous women using 4D ultrasound and Magnetic Resonance Imaging

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Jennifer Kruger

ICS Member

Profession:Clinical Scientist
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Jennifer Kruger currently leads the Pelvic Floor Research group at the Auckland Bioengineering Institute, University of Auckland. The primary focus of the research is to use a multi-disciplinary approach to PF mechanics and its relationship to childbirth and pelvic floor disorders, including pelvic organ prolapse and urinary incontinence. Her initial interest in pelvic floor disorders arose while working as a midwife, before completing her PhD where her doctoral research investigated linkages between long term high impact sport and childbirth. She is a well published researcher, in both the clinical field of pelvic floor dysfunction, and in the biomechanics domain. The importance of cross-disciplinary collaboration with clinicians, bioengineers and scientists to address problems inherent in PFD’s, has resulted in the first national Pelvic Floor Research Network (NZ). She is a co-inventor of the Auckland elastometer, an instrument to measure passive and active components of the pelvic floor muscle, as well as a wireless intra-vaginal pressure sensor (the FemFit) for measurement of the vaginal pressure profile, including abdominal pressure. Her research work involves close collaboration spanning a range of disciplines in a number of institutions and over a range of specialties.

Dr Jennifer Kruger declared on the Wednesday 11th January 2023 that they had the following existing or known future financial relationships or affiliations:


  • Equity Interests
  • Director or employee
  • Owner of patent(s)
  • Research grant
  • Elected/Official Position